Singapore History in Brief

A brief Singapore history records that Singapore was founded on 29 January 1819 by Thomas Stamford Raffles and colonised by the British in August 1824. The Singapore River became the heart of commercial trading area for the Europeans and the early Indian migrants. Singapore became the capital of the Straits Settlements (which also included Penang and Malacca), and the main British naval base in East Asia. At the turn of the early twentieth century, Singapore had developed its financial institutions, communications, and infrastructure in order to support its flourishing trade and industry.

During World War II, Singapore was invaded and occupied by the Japanese in the year 1942, but was recaptured under the British control and administration in the year 1945. In August 1963, Singapore declared independence from Britain and joined the Federation of Malaya, Sabah, and Sarawak (the latter two former British Borneo territories) to form Malaysia. And on 9 August 1965, it officially gained sovereignty and became an independent republic within the Commonwealth of Nations.

Ruminating how the 270 square-mile small Singapore has boomed and emerged as a world class economy and drawn the world to itself never fails to conjure up the spirit encountered in the story of David and the Goliath -small size big heart, overcoming the “giants”, accomplishing the impracticable, absolutely preposterous, totally inconceivable!

The old is gone. Singapore has transformed into a highly developed nation over a short span of a few decades.

The old is gone. Singapore has transformed into a highly developed nation over a short span of a few decades.

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